SUNY Cortland's Affirmative Consent policy is defined per NYS Education Law 129-B and is consistent among all higher education institutions in New York State. The Affirmative Consent policy applies to all members of our campus community and is the definition found in the Title IX Grievance Policy and Student Code of Conduct.
Affirmative Consent is a knowing, voluntary, and mutual decision among all participants to engage in sexual activity. Consent can be given by words or actions, as long as those words or actions create clear permission regarding willingness to engage in the sexual activity. Silence or lack of resistance, in and of itself, does not demonstrate consent. The definition of consent does not vary basic upon a participant's sex, sexual orientation, gender identify, or gender expression.
*Note: Sexual coercion is the act of using pressure (emotional and/or verbal), alcohol, or drugs in a persistent manner in order to wear down a victim making them feel obligated to engage in sexual activity with another person when they had already refused or would be doing so against their will.