Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)


Quick Facts

  • Commonly used as a Christmas tree due to its distinctive scent and dark green needles
  • Resin from the Balsam Fir has been used historically as a cold remedy and as glue


The Balsam Fir has a copious amount of dark green needles which can grow up to 1 inch in length. It produces cones that are purple when young but turn brown/green and resinous as the tree matures. Moose, deer, and along with smaller woodland animals eat the buds of young cones and seeds produced by mature one. Blisters filled with oily resin can be found along its grayish trunk. It can grow anywhere from 45-70 feet in height and due to its many needles can be used in a screen or windbreak.